Chardonnay is a white wine grape variety that successfully adapts in both hot and cold climates. Its delicacy enables it to develop various aromas ranging from butter and pie crust to tropical touches of banana, pineapple and guava, as well as mineral flavours.
This variety makes fresh white wines, dry, with fresh acids.The Sauvignon Blancwines gain no benefit from aging in a bottle because they lose their freshness. The aromas typical of this variety involve distinct herbaceous flavors (asparagus, green pepper, herbs, peas) and green fruits (elderberry, gooseberry). It is rare that Sauvignon Blancages in oak barrels because what is sought is its fruity character and fresh acidity. The Sauvignon Blanc wines of temperate climates “gain” flavours of toast, vanilla and liquorice.
Traminer or Gewürztraminer – a frequently asked question!
Traminer is a name used to designatе a number of old European grape varieties. From historic perspective, it is used for description of a German family of variations of Traminer, or as a synonym of a key member of this family, namely Gewürztraminer.
The Gewürztraminer skin ranges from pale-pink to red in colour, that is why it is considered to be a white variety. The aroma represents an impressive bouquet of lychee. It has been proved that the Gewürztraminer and the lychee share the same aroma substances. The dry wines also carry the delicate flavours of rose, maracuya and flowery touches.
Sémillon is one of the grape varieties, like Riesling, which enjoy more biased appreciation by the wine producers rather than by the average wine consumer. Wine producers are well aware that Sémillon, underestimated in most parts of the world, can make probably a lot more interesting, exquisite and long-lasting dry white wines rather than Sauvignon Blanc; moreover, very often both varieties are grown together. The dry Sémillon can be very intriguing, densewine, with enjoyable combination of citrus, honey and melon.
Pinot Noir is rarely combined with other varieties in still wines because it is the varietal wines that expose its aroma potential in the best possible way. This is an early-ripening variety; the grapes ripen at the end of August. The vines find their best development if planted on slopes with humus-carbonate and chalky soils, like ours. Pinot Noir is dry red wine which is usually distinguished for its fruity flavours of strawberry, cherry, raspberry and blackberry which constitute the taste, too. Also, characteristic of the variety are the herbal notes, mushrooms and leather. Spices add up to Pinot Noir taste profile, too, very often in the form of cinnamon, clove, smoky and tobacco hints.
Cabernet Franc is a thin-skinned red grape variety. Cabernet Sauvignon is a crossing between Cabernet Franc and Sauvignon Blanc (the Cabernet Franc DNA profile even proves that this variety is also a parent of Merlot). As for the aroma profile, in the Cabernet Franc wine, one can feel mellow tannins, spicy aromas, peppery accents, violet nuances and a discreet elegance, plus some serious flavour of red and black berries (mainly blueberry, raspberry and sometimes plum). Cabernet Franc is an ideal candidate for blending with other varietals such as Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon.
Merlot is characterized by flavours of black currants, plum, blackberry, green pepper, peppermint, chocolate and tobacco. With younger wines, we expect softness, smoothness, fruity notes and distinctive tones of plum, black and red cherry. With more maturated wines,these characteristics are slightly altered, and along with the plum and the cherry, we discover earthy flavors, as well as nuances of the popular violet sweets. In blended wines, it is often the Merlot that contributes to the fruity character, the mellowness, the silk softness and delicacy. Wines of Merlot varietals have a very big aging potential.
Cabernet Sauvignon is often referred to as the “King of Red Wine Grape Varieties,” since it is grown everywhere. Wines of this variety are elegant, with high tannin content and long life. Varietal wines are characterized by rich dark red colour, good density and intensive aroma of red berries – black currants, blackberry and mulberry, violet and peppermint. Grown in our region, the variety has more of a fruity character, with more mellow tannins. When aging in oak barrels, it develops rich, complex aroma, with spice nuances, empyreumatic flavours, oak, chocolate and cinnamon.
Mavrud is the variety which first and foremost is associated with Bulgaria and is commonly defined as a national pride. It is believed that it is an old local variety that has been grown in our country from time immemorial. As a whole, the wines made from Mavrud are characterized by a dense ruby colour, high tannin and acid content, as well as a specific, very pleasant aroma in which one could feel touches of blackberry and ripe mulberry. The wines are very well influenced when in contact with oak, thus developing a powerful complex aroma, a mellow, dense and harmonious taste of small red berries, in combination with different herbs and grasses, which make them emblematic for Bulgaria. In some wines, one could come across hints of red stone fruit (most frequently, cornel cherry), raspberry, blackberry, a few spices, as well as tar (asphalt) nuances, even touches of baked plum, chocolate and sweet herbs.
In fiction, there are a lot of words of praise for this thick, sweet, heavy and dense red wine. Mavrud ripens late (in the second half of October) provided that the autumn is long, warm and dry.
Rubin (Ruby) is yet another grape variety that we can be proud of. Rubin (Ruby) is a hybrid red wine grape variety selected at the end of 40-s of the 20-th century at the Institute of Viticulture and Enology in the town of Pleven by means of crossing between the Italian variety Nebbiolo and the French variety Syrah, with the great contribution end expertise of Mr Kolyo Katerov.
The young wines are intensely coloured, with dense ruby colour and specific to the variety aroma of juicy forest red berries. They have good freshness, nuances of blueberry, blackberry, violet, ending in slight spicy hints, but at the same time high tannin content which melts away during the maturation process. As a result, we get impressive wines with aging potential.